With Aztec ruins butted up against a Spanish Cathedral, you can experience a lot of Mexican history in one place at el Zócalo, the main square in Mexico City. As you arrive, you’ll be welcomed by a massive Mexican flag and surrounded by buildings like the National Palace, the Federal District building, the Old Portal de Mercaderes, and the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral. After a walk through the Cathedral, head over to the northeast part of the plaza to see the ruins of the Aztec city Tenochtitlan’s Templo Mayor. The Aztecs considered this place to be the center of the universe, so Cortés wanted the Cathedral to be built on top of it, which is why most of it is still underground today.
Next, head over to the National Palace where you can view some of Diego Rivera’s most impressive murals charting the history of Mexico. Then cross over the square to head to Avenida Franciso Madero, a pedestrian street with lots of shops and street performers, which will take you to the
For a great free walking tour of the area, check out Estación Mexico.